Education

Flea Control

Flea Control

Step 1: Kill the adult fleas on ALL your pets

Treat all pets with an appropriate flea treatment, including indoor pets. Since humans and other pets carry the fleas into the house, this exposes even those that never go outside, and they may be the persistent source of new fleas. It is important to read the application instructions and follow them carefully. Canine treatment must never be used on cats unless specifically labeled for cats, as it may be toxic.

Treatment Options for Dogs

Keep in mind: many over the counter treatments may be much less effective or have an increased risk of side effects. It’s best to consult with your veterinarian about what treatments have been most successful this season.

Topical (Monthly)
Advantix or Frontline are two popular options. Talk to your veterinarian about other approved options.

Collar
The Seresto collar is another method. This is the same product as Advantix for fleas and ticks but releases a constant lower dose of medication that lasts eight months. See your veterinarian for further details.

Oral
Bravecto protects against fleas and ticks for a full three months, and Nexgard protects against fleas and ticks for one month. Comfortis is an option that protects against just fleas for one month.

Treatment Options for Cats

Topical
Advantage protects against just fleas; Advantage multi protects against fleas, worms, mites. Frontline protects against fleas and ticks.

Collar
The Seresto collar is another method. This is the same product as Advantix for fleas and ticks but releases a constant lower dose of medication that lasts eight months. See your veterinarian for further details.

Oral
Comfortis protects against fleas for one month. These chewable tablets for dogs have recently been approved for use in cats. Another option is Capstar, which is a 1-day rapid flea treatment.

Treatment Options for Dogs

Keep in mind: many over the counter treatments may be much less effective or have an increased risk of side effects. It’s best to consult with your veterinarian about what treatments have been most successful this season.

Topical (Monthly)
Advantix or Frontline are two popular options. Talk to your veterinarian about other approved options.

Collar
The Seresto collar is another method. This is the same product as Advantix for fleas and ticks but releases a constant lower dose of medication that lasts eight months. See your veterinarian for further details.

Oral
Bravecto protects against fleas and ticks for a full three months, and Nexgard protects against fleas and ticks for one month. Comfortis is an option that protects against just fleas for one month.

Treatment Options for Cats

Topical
Advantage protects against just fleas; Advantage multi protects against fleas, worms, mites. Frontline protects against fleas and ticks.

Collar
The Seresto collar is another method. This is the same product as Advantix for fleas and ticks but releases a constant lower dose of medication that lasts eight months. See your veterinarian for further details.

Oral
Comfortis protects against fleas for one month. These chewable tablets for dogs have recently been approved for use in cats. Another option is Capstar, which is a 1-day rapid flea treatment.

Flea Allergies

Pets with flea allergies will have a significant skin reaction (itching, hair loss, scabs, etc.) to even a small number of fleas. Therefore it may not be easy to see the flea causing the problem. These pets do best on year round flea control due to their sensitivity to a single bite. Usually, oral flea control is best to avoid skin irritation. Bravecto is one option of oral flea control for dogs.

Your Pet Could Lack Symptoms

Those without flea allergies may not itch and may be the culprit for re-infecting the pet with allergies.

Disease From Fleas

Anemia – since fleas feed on the blood of your pet, a severe flea infestation can cause anemia. Anemia can be a fatal disease if not treated. Even if your pet wasn’t scratching, he could still develop anemia from a flea infestation.

Tapeworms – fleas are the intermediate host for some tapeworms. Animals and humans can become infected with tapeworms by ingesting an infected flea.

Bartonella (also known as ‘cat scratch fever’) – a bacteria carried by fleas and flea feces. Bartonella can be transmitted to a cat if the cat ingests a flea or flea feces while he is grooming. A human can get Bartonella if cat claws contaminated with flea feces scratch the skin.

Step 2: Remove flea eggs and adult fleas from inside the house

Daily vacuuming is the most effective way to reduce immature flea populations in the house. Vacuuming removes 40-80% of flea eggs and up to 90% of pre-emerged fleas.

Focus on areas near and under beds, furniture and base boards. Wash bedding that pets have used. Various sprays are available for use in the house to kill or prevent the development of eggs and larvae.

Step 3: Survey the Outdoor Environment

Some areas outdoors where pets like to play or investigate, unfortunately, may have large numbers of fleas. Fence off or block access to areas that have a lot of ungroomed plants where fleas could be hiding. Tidy up your garden and outlying areas by removing organic debris.

Walk dogs on paths, walkways and groomed yards and avoid woods and gardens.

If the outside environment has an uncontrollable flea population, it is best to consult a professional exterminator.

Step 4: Prevent exposure to fleas from other animals

Cats or dogs that visit your house can bring in new flea populations or help the current ones thrive. If an outside pet visits your home, talk with the owner to ensure the pet is on flea medication.

Make sure your pet is up to date on their flea control if you plan to travel elsewhere where there may be fleas. Places to keep in mind include other homes, the groomer, your veterinary clinic, rabies clinics, dog parks, the pet store and ungroomed outdoors areas like parks and camp grounds. If you are taking your pet to a high-risk area, you may want to give them Capstar, a daily rapid flea treatment, before returning home to kill any ‘hitchhiker’ fleas.

If you need help with flea prevention or flea control, contact us today!

(315) 824-5412

Flea Facts

The average life span of a flea is 6-24 months.

New fleas can survive 1-2 weeks before requiring a blood meal.

Eggs laid on a host drop and hatch within 2-12 days.

Pupae may delay development for up to 1 year awaiting the right conditions.

Vibration, heat, and CO2 stimulate a pupa to develop.

An adult flea will jump toward a host in response to movement or shadow.

Contact Us

Hamilton Animal Hospital
2316 Route 12B Hamilton, NY 13346

Phone: 315-824-5412

info@hamiltonvet.com
Hours of Operation

Weekdays: 7:30am - 6:00pm
Saturday: 7:30am - 12:00pm
Sunday: Closed
Privacy Policy

The materials offered on this website are intended for educational purposes only. Hamilton Animal Hospital does not provide veterinary medical services or guidance via the internet.
education

Hamilton Animal Hospital
2316 Route 12B Hamilton, NY 13346
Phone: 315-824-5412
info@hamiltonvet.com
Privacy Policy
The materials offered on this website are intended for educational purposes only. Hamilton Animal Hospital does not provide veterinary medical services or guidance via the internet.

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